Corrective Jaw Surgery
Chronic, severe cases of TMJ generally require corrective jaw surgery. These types of corrective jaw surgery can be done to treat TMJ:
A small incision is made near the ear so that a small instrument with a scope can be used to discover the cause of the pain. During this treatment, inflamed tissue may be removed and the joint may be gently realigned. Swelling and stiffness are expected during recovery for several days.
Arthroplasty (open joint surgery):
A larger incision is made so that the disc that allows you to open or close your jaw can be replaced or repaired, the jaw realigned, and scar tissue or bone spurs removed. Recovery time after arthroplasty lasts for about two weeks.
Total joint replacement:
A complete joint replacement can be performed if the temporomandibular joint is too damaged to be repaired, a total joint replacement is needed. This is a more extensive surgery that requires a 3-5 day hospital stay and a recovery time of 1-2 months.